August 8, 2022

Climate of the Philippines

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The Climate of the Philippines is tropical and considered as fairly high temperature, high humidity and ample rainfall. However, experts say Philippines have five types of climate due to the geographical conditions and here they are; (1) tropical rainforest (2) tropical monsoon (3) tropical savanna (4) humid subtropical (5) oceanic. In layman’s term there are two seasons in the country, dry season and the wet season based upon the rainfall. Based on statistics, rainy season is from June to October and dry season starts, from October to May. Due to rains, the monsoon brings cooler air from November to February, and January, the coolest and on the other hand, May is the warmest month.


Months November to February March to May June to August September to October
Rainfall Dry Dry Wet Wet
Temperature Cool Hot Hot Hot
Season Cool Dry Hot Dry Rainy Rainy

As per statistics cities like Manila, Cebu and Davao City has average temperature of 82° Fahrenheit to 85° Fahrenheit (27°C – 30°C) year round and in summer days rising over 90° Fahrenheit to 93° Fahrenheit (32°C – 34°C). These mercury levels and the cool breeze coming from sea shore and mountains make a perfect weather for tourists to visit different tourist spots and beaches. Best time to visit tourist spot is from December to February, when temperatures are around 24°C – 31°C and there are no rains and typhoons. One more important thing, believe me local crowd is very kind and hospitable, which is makes every moment enjoyable.


Due tothe geographical positionrainy season is from June to October. However, it rains all over the Philippines in summer too due to the equatorial climate zone and even in winter due to northeast winds. Nevertheless, these untimely rains are not frequent. Habagat is a Pilipino term used for summer monsoon (Southwest monsoon) and Amihan is a Pilipino term for winter monsoon (Northeast monsoon). Rainfall is a significant climatic element in the Philippines. Rainfall varies from one region to another throughout the country, depending upon the path of the moisture-bearing winds and the position of the mountains. The average annual rainfall of the Philippines fluctuates from 965 to 4,064 millimeters (38.5 in. to 160 in.) from region to region.


In the Philippines relative humidity is high due to the coastal area. A great amount of moisture or the percentage of water vapor in the air makes hot temperatures feel hotter. There are various factors which increases the humidity like the extraordinary evaporation from the seas that surrounds the country, to the different dominant winds in the different seasons and last but not least, the abundant rains which are so common.


Can you imagine, roughly twenty tropical cyclones hit the Philippines yearly. Typhoons can impact the Philippines any time of the year however, from the month of June to September they become active. In August they become more active and are destructive and on the other hand, in May they are least active. Bagyo is the Pilipino term used for any tropical cyclone in the Philippines. From November to May there are no typhoons in Philippines. If any weather abnormality arises like typhoon or any other the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), share these (storm) warnings with public. National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) prepare and organize the task. Every province and local government in the Philippines has a parallel Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (DRRMO), which actually functions in field and pays well attention. For the last few years they are doing a great job!!!

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