August 10, 2022

The Philippines & it’s Geography

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The Philippines is an archipelago located in the Pacific Ocean near the equator. The Philippines is a group of about 7,641 islands, in southeastern Asia in the middle of the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean with a total land of approximately 300,000 square kilometers. It’s a home of islands and beautiful beaches. It is 5th largest island country in the world.

The Philippine archipelago is separated into three major areasLuzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao. The population of the nation is almost 108 million people as per 2020. Luzon is the largest of these islands about 105,000 square kilometers and second largest island is Mindanao at about 95,000 square kilometers. The archipelago is approximately 790 kilometer away from the Asian mainland and is located between Taiwan and Borneo. Out of 7,641 islands roughly 1,000 of its islands are populated. Out of these N-number of islands actually, 11 islands make up 95 percent of the Philippine landmass, and two of these are – Luzon and Mindanao.

The Philippines is divided in many islands and this gives it the fifth longest coastline of approximately 36,289 kilometers in the world and that’s why it’s has so many beautiful beaches and lagoons.  The Philippines is part of a western Pacific arc which holds some active volcanoes. Taal Volcano in south of Manila (province of Batangas), Mount Apo in Mindanao and Mount Mayon near Legazpi City (province of Albay), and Mt. Pinatubo located on the boundary of Zambales, Tarlac and Pampanga in Luzon are quite popular peaks. All of the Philippine islands are likely to earthquakes due to which tremors and earthquakes are common in above mentioned places.

We cannot live without water and a land cannot survive without river or lakes. Longest river in the country is Cagayan River which is almost 500 kilometer in length. It is situated in the Cagayan province in northeastern part of Luzon Island and crosses the others provinces. Other main rivers in Luzon are Agno and Pampanga, which crosses the plains of Central Luzon; then comes Pasig River which, flows through the center of Metro Manila, and the Bicol, the main river of Region V., the main river of Mindanao is the Pulangi River also known as Rio Grande de Mindanao. These are the lifelines of the Philippines.

The average rainfall for year in Northern part is 1,000 mm (39 in.) and in the southern mountains it’s almost 3,000 mm (120 in.) which helps to retain the water level. Manila Bay in Luzon and Laguna de Bay is the largest fresh water lake in the Philippines which is located in East of Metro Manila, between the provinces of Laguna and Rizal. Some of the rivers have been equipped for hydroelectric power generation. To preserve the country’s biological resources, the government has taken step of preparing a Biodiversity Action Plan to save the threatened species and they are working on it.

When we talk about mountains, the Sierra Madre is the longest mountain range in the Philippines. Spread over 540 kilometers from the province of Cagayan to the province of Quezon. It is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean to the east. Some populations in the east of the mountain series, beside the coast, are less developed due to the mountain ranges and accessibility. The only option for access is by taking a boat or a plane.

The Philippines has very diversified culture and the people who love company of Mother Nature should visit it. By reading this article people will get an idea where Philippines is located and how beautiful it is!!!

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